Great Artesian Basin (GAB)

Great Artesian Basin (GAB)

The Great Artesian Basin (GAB) has been extensively studied and has been the benchmark were the most important age tracer studies in the last ~30 years have been initially tested (36Cl/Cl, 81Kr, 129I and 4He) (Bentley et al., 1986; Collon et al., 2000; Fabryka-Martin et al., 1985; Mazor and Bosch, 1992), respectively. The GAB covers approximately 22% of the Australian continent and it is the only water supply for extensive areas of the arid interior.

To learn more contact:

Dr. Dioni I. Cendón, Senior Research Scientist. Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization (ANSTO), Kirrawee DC, New South Wales, Australia.  email:

Example Publications (last 5 years):

Hughes, C.E., Stone, D.J.M., Gibson, J.J., Sadek, M.S., Cendón, D.I., Hankin, S.I. (2012). Stable water isotope investigation of the Barwon-Darling River system in Australia. In Creation of the Global Network of Isotopes in Rivers (GNIR), IAEA-TECDOC-1673, 97-110.

Meredith K.,  Cendón D.I., Pigois J-P., Hollins S., Jacobsen G. (2012). Using 14C and 3H to delineate a recharge ‘window’ into the Perth Basin aquifers, North Gnangara groundwater system, Western Australia. Science of Total Environment, 414, 456-469.

CartwrightI., Weaver T., Cendón D.I., Fifield K., Tweed S.O., Petrides B. and Swane I. (2012). Constraining groundwater flow, residence times, inter-aquifer mixing, and aquifer properties using environmental isotopes in the southeast Murray Basin, Australia. Applied Geochemistry, 27(9), 1698-1709.

García-Veigas J., Cendón D.I., Pueyo J.J. and Peryt T. (2012). Zechstein saline brines in Poland, evidence of overturned anoxic ocean during the Late Permian mass extinction event. Chemical Geology, 290, 189-201.

Hughes, C.E., Cendón, D.I., Johansen, M.P., and Meredith, K.T., (2011). Climate Change and Groundwater Sustaining Groundwater Resources, in Jones, J.A.A., ed.: International Year of Planet Earth, SpringerNetherlands, p. 97-117.

Cendón D.I., Larsen J.R., Jones B.G., Nanson G.C., Rickleman D., Hankin S.I., Pueyo J.J. Maroulis J. (2010). Freshwater recharge into a shallow saline groundwater system, Cooper Creek floodplain, Queensland, Australia. Journal of Hydrology 392, 150-163.

Cartwright I., Weaver T., Cendón D.I., Swane I. (2010). Environmental isotopes as indicators of aquitard effectiveness and inter-aquifer mixing, Wimmera Region, Murray Basin, Southeast Australia. Chemical Geology 277, 214-226.

Hughes, C.E., Cendón, D.I., Harrison, J.J., Hankin, S.I., Collins, R.N,. Payne, T.E., Vine, M., Johansen, M.P., Hoffmann, E.L., Loosz, T. (2010) Movement of a tritium plume in shallow groundwater at a legacy low level radioactive waste disposal site in eastern Australia.  Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 102, 943-952.

Meredith K. T, Hollins S.E., Hughes C.E., Cendón D.I., Hankin S., Stone D.J.M. (2009). Temporal variation in stable isotopes (18O and 2H) and major ion concentrations within theDarling River between Bourke and Wilcannia due to variable flows, saline groundwater influx and evaporation. Journal of Hydrology 378, 313-324.

Ladd B., Bonser S.P, Peri P., Larsen J., Laffan, S.W., Pepper D.A. and Cendón D.I. (2009). Towards a physical description of habitat: quantifying environmental adversity (abiotic stress) in temperate forest and woodland ecosystems, Journal of Ecology, 97, 964–971.

Cendón D.I., Ayora C. Pueyo J.J., Taberner C. and Blanc-Valleron M-.M. (2008). The chemical and hydrological evolution of the Mulhouse potash basin (France): Are “marine” ancient evaporites always representative of synchronous seawater chemistry? Chemical Geology, 252: 109-124.

Reeves J.M., Chivas A.R., García A., Holt S., Couapel M.J.J., Jones B.G., Cendón D.I. and Fink D. (2008). The sedimentary record of palaeoenvironments and sea-level change in the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia through the last glacial cycle. Quaternary International 183: 3-22.

Playà E., Cendón D.I., Travé A., Chivas A.R., García A. (2007) Non-marine evaporites with both inherited marine and continental signatures: the Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, at ~70 Ka. Sedimentary Geology, 201: 267-285.

Gibson J.J. Sadek M.A., Stone D.J.M, Hughes C., Hankin S., Cendón D.I., Hollins S.E. (2007) Evaporative Isotopic enrichment as a constraint on reach water balance along a dryland river. Isotopes in Environmental Health Studies 44(1): 83-98.