North China Plains Aquifer (NCPA)

North China Plains Aquifer (NCPA)

The North China Plains Aquifer (NCPA) (~120,000 km2) supports 11% of China’s population and 14% of its arable land. Isotopic analysis of 18O, deuterium, 3H, 36Cl and 14C have been used in NCPA to identify the groundwater age, continental effect, layering or stratification and environmental change , while noble gases have been used to differentiate the impacts of Monsoon intensity and temperature.

The NCPA is an important agricultural region in eastern China that covers 178,700km2 in parts of five Provinces (Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Provinces, named here as BTH (128,700 km2), and the northern parts of Henan and Shandong Provinces (29,000 km2)). The NCP lies between the Taihang Mountains to the west, Yanshan Mountains to the north, the Bohai Sea to the east, and the Yellow River to the south. The NCP is a fault-subsidence basin with 400-600 m thick Cenozoic to Quaternary aged sediments from deposition of the Yellow River and the other rivers. Agriculture in the NCP supplies food for the large population of the region estimated at 1.06×108 (1995) [Lin et al. 2000].

To learn more contact:

Prof. Dr. Jianyao Chen, Department of Water Resources and Environment, School of Geography and Planning, SunYatsenUniversity, Guangzhou, China. email: chenjyao@mail.sysu.edu.cn  

Example Publications:

Huang XL, Chen JY, Zhou SN, Xie LC, Jiang HB, Dong LH, 2011. Vertical microbiological variation of a coastal aquifer in southernChina. Water Science and Technology, accepted.

Fu CS, Chen JY, Zeng SQ, 2011. Observation and analysis of rainfall-runoff characteristics in a coastal granite catchment in southernChina. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, In press.

Chen JY, 2010. Holistic assessment of groundwater resources and regional environmental problems in the North China Plain. Environmental Earth Sciences, 61:1037-1047.

Fu CS, Chen JY, Zeng SQ, Zhao XF, 2009. Analysis of groundwater movements in the coastal watershed in the Southern China- A case study at the Zhuhai Campus of Sun Yat-sen University. In Trend and sustainability of groundwater in highly stressed aquifers (Proceedings of Symposium JS.2 at the Joint IAHS & IAH Convention, Hyderabad, India). IAHS Redbook 329, 130-137.

Chen FJ, Jia GD, Chen JY, 2009. Nitrate sources and watershed denitrification inferred from nitrate dual isotopes in the Beijiang River, south China. Biogeochemistry 94:  163-174

Xie LC, Chen JY, Taniguchi M, and Liu GQ, 2009.Comparison of nutrients transport to the sea from the Yellow River and the Pearl River. Proceedings of  the 4th Yellow River Forum,Zhengzhou Vol. II: 173-185

Chen JY, Fukushima Y, Taniguchi M. 2009. Surface and groundwater interactions in the lower reach of the Yellow River. In From Headwaters to the Ocean- Hydrological changes and watershed management, Taniguchi M, Burnett WC, Fukushima Y, Haigh M, Umezawa Y, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group: 301-305

Peterson RN, Burnett WC, Taniguchi M, Chen JY, Santos IR, and Misra S, 2008. Determination of transport rates in the Yellow Rive- Bohai Sea mixing zone via natural geochemical tracers. Continental Shelf Research 28: 2700-2707.

Peterson RN, Burnett WC, Taniguchi M, Chen JY, Santos IR, and Ishitobi T, 2008. Radon and Radium Isotope Assessment of Submarine Groundwater Discharge in the Yellow River Delta, China, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C9, C09021, doi:10.1029/2008JC004776

Taniguchi M, Ishitobi T, Chen JY, Onodera S, Miyaoka K, Burnett WC, Peterson R, Liu GQ, and Fukushima Y, 2008. Submarine groundwater discharge from the Yellow River Delta to the Bohai Sea, China, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C06025, doi:10.1029/2007JC004498

Lu YT, Tang CY, Chen JY, Song XF, Li FD, Sakura Y, 2008. Spatial characteristics of water quality, stable isotopes and tritium associated with groundwater flow in the Hutuo River alluvial fan plain of the North China Plan. Hydrogeology Journal 16:1003-1015.

Zhao XF, Chen FJ, Chen JY, Tang CY, 2008. Hydrochemical characteristics and evaluation of nitrate contamination in a coastal urban aquifer, Xiangzhou District, Zhuhai City, China. IAHS Redbook 324, 11-17

Chen JY, Zhao XF, Tang CY, Lu YT, 2008. Impacts of urbanization and groundwater development on groundwater quality in Guanghua Basin, China. IAHS Redbook 324, 33-40.

Chen JY, Taniguchi M, Liu GQ, Miyaoka K, Onodera S, Tokunaga T, Fukushima Y, 2007. Nitrate pollution of groundwater in the Yellow River delta, China. Hydrogeology Journal, 15:1605-1614.

Saito M, Onodera S, Miyaoka K, Chen JY, Taniguchi M, Liu GQ, Fukushima Y, 2007. Nitrate contamination in groundwater of the Yellow River Delta and its effect on the marine environment. In Water Quality and Sediment Behaviour of the Future: Predictions for the 21st Century (Proceedings of Symposium HS2005 at IUGG2007, Perugia, July 2007), Webb BW & De Boer D (eds). IAHS Publ. 314, 271-277

Lu YT, Tang CY, Chen JY, Sakura Y, 2008. Impact of septic tank on local groundwater quality and water supply in the Pearl River Delta, China: case study. Hydrological Processes, 22:443-450.

Chen JY, Fukushima Y, Taniguchi M, 2007. Groundwater and its association with sustainability in the North China Plain. In Changes in Water Resources Systems: Methodology to Maintain Water Security and Ensure Integrated Management, van de Giesen N, Xia J, Rosbjerg D, Fukushima Y (eds). IAHS 315: 258-265.

Taniguchi M, Chen JY, Fukushima Y, 2007. The hydrological impact zone in the lower reaches of the Yellow River: a new concept for water resources issues. In Changes in Water Resources Systems: Methodology to Maintain Water Security and Ensure Integrated Management, van de Giesen N, Xia J, Rosbjerg D, Fukushima Y (eds). IAHS 315: 199-205.

Chen JY, Fukushima Y, Taniguchi M, 2006. Study on sustainability of irrigation agriculture by diversion in the lower reach of the Yellow River. In Recharging system for protecting and enhancing groundwater resources, Proceedings of 5th International Symposium on Management of Aquifer Recharge, ISMAR5. IHP-VI. Series on Groundwater No. 13, UNESCO: 186-191.

Chen JY, Ke D, Zhao XF, Fukushima Y, Taniguchi M, 2006. Characteristics of sediment and nutrient flows in the lower reach of the Yellow River. In Climate variability and change- hydrological impacts, Demuth S, Gustard A, Planos E, Scatena F, Servat E (eds). IAHS Publication 308: 612-616.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Yu JJ, 2006. Use of 18O, 2H and 15N to identify nitrate contamination of groundwater in a wastewater irrigated field near the city of Shijiazhuang, China, Journal of Hydrology 326:367-378.

Chen JY, Fukushima Y, Taniguchi, M, 2005. Water use and its impact zone in the lower reach of the Yellow River. In Proceedings of the 2nd Yellow River Forum on keeping healthy life of the river, Volume I, Shang H (ed). The Yellow River Conservancy Publishing House,Zhengzhou: 97-106.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Sakura S, Yu JJ, Fukushima, Y, 2005. Nitrate pollution from agriculture in different hydrogeological zones of the regional groundwater flow system in the North China Plain, Hydrogeology Journal 13:481-492.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Sakura S, Kondoh A, Yu JJ, Shimada J, Tanaka T, 2004. Spatial geochemical and isotopic characteristics associated with groundwater flow in the North China Plain, Hydrological Processes 18: 3133-3146.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Fukushima Y, Taniguchi M, 2003. Water environmental problems associated with natural processes and human activities in the lower reach of the Yellow River, In 1st International Yellow River Forum on River Basin Management, Volume IV, Shang H (ed). The Yellow River Conservancy Publishing House,Zhengzhou: 263-274.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Sakura S, Kondoh A, Shen YJ and Song XF, 2004. Measurement and analysis of redistribution of soil moisture and salute in a maize field in the lower reach of the Yellow River, Hydrological Processes 18:2263-2273.

Tang CY, Chen JY, Shindo S, Sakura Y, Zhang WJ, Shen YJ, 2004. Assessment of groundwater contamination by nitrates associated with wastewater irrigation: A case study from Shijiazhuang region, China, Hydrological Processes 18:2303-2312.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Shen YJ, Sakura S, 2003. Use of water balance calculation and tritium to examine the dropdown of groundwater table in the piedmont of the North China Plain (NCP), Environmental Geology, 44: 564-571

Chen JY, Tang CY, Shen YJ, Sakura Y, Kondoh A, 2004. Nitrate pollution of groundwater in a wastewater irrigated field of Hebei Province, In Risk Assessment of Waste Water Re-Use on Groundwater Quality, Joop Steenvoorden (ed.). IAHS Redbook 285:23-27

Tang CY, Chen JY, Shen YJ, 2004. Long-term effect of wastewater irrigation on nitrate in groundwater in the North China Plain. In Risk Assessment of Waste Water Re-Use on Groundwater Quality, Joop Steenvoorden (ed.). IAHS Redbook 285:34-40

Chen JY, Tang CY, Sakura S, Shen YJ, Nitrate pollution in groundwater in the lower reach of the Yellow River, case study in Shandong Province, China. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Ground Water Problems related to Geo-Environment,Okayama 2003,Japan by A.A.Balkema Publishers.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Sakura S, Kondoh A, Shen YJ, 2002. Groundwater flow and geochemistry in the lower reach of the Yellow River: case study in Shandong Province, China, Hydrogeology Journal 10: 587-599.

Shen YJ, Kondoh A, Tang CY, Zhang YQ, Chen JY, Li WQ, Sakura Y, Liu CM, Tanaka T, Shimada J. 2002. Measurement and analysis of evapotranspiration and surface conductance of a wheat canopy, Hydrological Processes, Vol. 16, 2173-2187.

Chen JY, Tang CY, Sakura S, Kondoh A, Shen YJ and Ouyang Z. 2001. The impacts of diversion from the Yellow River on the local aquifer-case study in Shandong Province, China, In New Approaches Characterizing Groundwater Flow, Seiler KP, Wohnlich S (eds). A.A.Balkema Publishers: Lisse.

Chen JY and Liu CM, Coupling of water and land resources and its application in regionalization, Journal of Environmental Sciences, Vol. 11, No.1, 1999